Category Archives: Art and Entertainment

Face Painting Techniques

Is your daughter’s birthday drawing near and you are in the midst of a birthday party planning? If you are still scratching your head for party ideas, face painting is a good activity to go for. It has become more pronounced in recent years as more parents around the world are holding more birthday parties for their kids.

If you do not intend to hire a face painter for your daughter’s birthday party, you can learn how to paint Princess Crown on her face to make her really stand out. Simply follow the steps I provided below and with a couple of practices you (and your daughter) should be all set for her big day!

Here are some techniques on how to paint a Princess Crown.

Face Painting Tools needed:

• Water based face paint that is FDA approved. Snazaroo is a good choice

• One fine brush
• One medium brush
• One large brush
• One bowl of water
• One form makeup sponge
• Face Glitter

Step 1: Paint The Crown

Select the medium brush and the white paint. With it, paint a three-pointed crown on the forehead and fill it with white. This acts as the base coat. Then pick a silver or a gold color (for more majestic look) and fill the entire crown with it. Of course, if you prefer other colors like pink or purple, go ahead and use it. Add some circles at the tips of the three pointed ends to give it some extra “glory”. Paint the circles with white or some other lighter colors. You may then outline the entire crown with a black paint to give it some accent.

Step 2: Add A Diamond

Choose a contrasting color like purple, and paint a jewel or a diamond in the center of the crown. The diamond or jewel may be of any shape, but it is probably best to keep it simple as long as you make it stands out.

Step 3: More Details

Add some white or silver on the jewel or diamond to give it some shine. Put some glitter on top of it to make it sparkle. Using a white paint, you may create some swirls from both ends of the crowns (near the temples) down the cheeks.

To make the princess more stunning, put on a nice lipstick on your subject. I would take one step further to paint her eye lashes and add some glitter on them.

Oil Painting Techniques

Oil paint is one of the most versatile and adaptable painting mediums in existence today. There are many techniques and effects possible with oil paint. Oil paint can be applied in thin transparent glazes or washes, or the paint can be mixed to a thick buttery consistency and applied using a painting knife. There really appears to be no end to the wonderful ways you can create art with this amazing painting medium. This article will talk about some of the many ways you can use oil paint.

Dry brush

The dry brush technique involves using a small amount of oil paint straight from the tube. It is then brushed thinly onto your support with a bristle brush. This technique works particularly well with a rough surface. The raised parts of your surface pick up the paint, while the dips or valleys in your support do not. This creates a broken color effect where the color of your canvas shows through.

Painting On A Toned Ground

The white of a canvas can sometimes be too bright or have too much contrast which makes starting a painting a bit difficult. When you cover your support with a uniform toned ground, it makes it much easier to judge the values in your painting. You can use any color you like to tone your ground really, but the more popular approach is to use warm tones of red, yellows and browns, which provide a wonderful richness to the finished work.

Here is an example of how to paint on a toned ground using Burnt Umber and Yellow Ochre. First you create the wash by mixing the Burnt Umber and Yellow Ochre together with a paint thinner (use turpentine, or if you are like me, and are allergic to turpentine, use a water soluble oil paint). Apply the mixture generously to your support and completely cover it with a large bristle brush. Let this mixture stand for a couple of minutes and then wipe off the excess wash with a cloth.

Alla Prima Painting

Alla Prima painting, also known as “direct painting”, is a technique of oil painting where the work is usually finished in just one sitting. You are probably familiar with the artist Bob Ross, who made this painting method quite popular on his TV Show. I am sure like me, you watched Bob paint in amazement as he completed a beautiful painting in under 30 mintues.

The paint is applied wet onto wet directly onto the canvas usually with no underpainting or sketches. It might be a good idea in the beginning to lay down a sketch with some thinned down oil paint. This way you will have a general idea where your colors will be placed. You must be careful using this technique as your painting can become quite muddy if you do not apply the colors correctly on your canvas. It takes practice, so don’t be discouraged if your first, second or even third painting does not come out the way you anticipated. Keep practicing and let your imagination run wild. As Bob used to say, “It’s Your World”.

Working With Painting Knives

If you have never worked with painting knives, then it is highly recommended that you give them a try. This type of painting method is very different from traditional brush painting and when you lay down your first stroke of paint with a painting knife, you will immediately see why. Painting with a knife can be best described as spreading butter on a piece of bread and you should keep your painting at a butter or cream like consistency when using painting knives. Do not use your palette knives to paint with. They have a different construction and are not made for painting. Painting knives have more flexibility to them and come in a variety of different shapes and sizes. You can manipulate paint in a variety of different ways with a knife just by changing your hand position on the handle. You can hold your hand down low on the handle to smear the paint over your support. Move your hand up to the top of the handle and you can use your finger to gently push the blade into the paint to create small dabs of color. You can also turn your knife blade on its side for scraping away paint or for creating hard lines.

Glazing

If you never produced a painting using the glazing technique, then you should definitely give this a try as well. Your painting will have a different appearance then if you were to complete a painting using traditional color mixing techniques. Glazing tends to give colors more luminescence. The colors are not mixed together first before applying, rather, they are mixed optically using single transparent layers of color. For instance, if you wanted to create the color green using glazes, you would not mix yellow and blue together on your palette first.

You would first apply a thin glaze of blue, wait until it dries, then apply a thin glaze of yellow, which would then create your green. Each layer must be completely dry before applying subsequent layers. Usually, the first step in using the glazing technique is to create a monochromatic (different values of the same color) underpainting of the subject. Using only one color will help you to focus on form and tone first, rather than being too preoccupied with color at this stage. Wait until your under painting is dry to begin applying your first layer of color. This technique is tricky and does require practice, but it is not as difficult as some may lead you to believe.

Painting Technique

When using acrylic paint you can add layers of light colour to increase the definition of a pale area. However another option is to paint in the negative area to highlight the pale area.

This is a very good technique and can make your paintings more interesting. It is also an easy way to add detail to a flat area of colour.

Painting the area behind the object in this manner it gives you the chance to improve the shape of the object and gives the main object a more defined look.

What is negative space?

The negative space is the space left once you have ignored/removed an object.

There are a few classic negative space pictures. My favourite is two heads facing each other and the space between them giving the shape of a long stemmed glass. The negative space is the glass shaped area.

How to do it

Always try to contrast light and dark areas in a picture. When you have this kind of contrast it is easy to paint in some of the negative areas because one of the adjoining sections will be in a darker colour.

(I think that it is more successful to paint in negative areas with a darker colour, but if you want to try to use a lighter colour over a darker one be sure to use the paint more thickly.)

A landscape example could be to paint in a dark colour (behind a pale one) to make the top of the pale area jagged; this makes the pale area look more grass like.

In this example the darker colour was the negative area behind the grasses. Then blend the dark colour up into the negative space using water to thin it. By leaving a darker edge next to the pale colour you get a nice contrast too.

Use this technique

To add definition to any areas you feel needs it. It would be good for darkening the area to the side of a tree trunk and make the trunk stand out a bit more. Ideal for the trunk of a silver birch, just add some extra dark shades to the area at the side of the trunk to give the trunk more contrast and this helps to make the trunk more three dimensional too.

It is great for forest paintings as you can hint at more trees in the background without giving them too much detail.

Top Tip – the greatest contrast areas are always in the foreground of a picture. Make sure you have the contrast between the colours suitable for the distance in the painting, i.e. not too much contrast for areas in the distance.

How to Paint People and Figures Into a Painting

Adding people or figures such as animals or birds to a painting can make a nice painting into an extraordinary one. Suddenly the focus of the landscape is not the surroundings but what activity is happening in those surroundings.

The technique of adding figures to a painting makes the painting more personal and identifiable. Adding people or animals is easier than you may think.

The best way to think of doing this is by “suggesting” the fact that people or animals are in the scene. By this I mean, don’t detail. You will be much happier if you keep the figures back in the distant and kind of obscured.

The first thing you need are basic shapes. Decide what color you will want the figures to be. For example, a thin small blue upright rectangle could indicate the torso or legs of a person. Keep the lower part slightly separated to indicate separate legs.

For the body, use a squared off upside down triangle. In other-words, keep the shoulders a little wider than the rest. Finish off the little person by adding a small circle for the head. A grayed down purple-flesh color mixture is nice because it will look distant. Be careful when adding arms because often when looking at people from a distance, you don’t really see arms too well. A small flesh color on one side might work well however.

Finish it off by adding hair. Remember that there is no detail here. A few small strokes of color, that’s it. A hat would also be nice. A small slanted line starting about where the forehead would be with a tiny square sitting on the slanted line makes a nice gentleman’s hat.

As far as facial details, I would avoid if your subjects are in the distance. If you need them keep them simple and quick, just to give the viewer the “suggestion” that a mouth, nose or eyes are there.

Sometimes your figures will be separate, but other times they will be close, so make sure they overlap or connect at times. Not all people and animals are the same size, therefore vary the sizes of the figures as well.

Remember that the closer the figure the darker the color, distant figures will be more subdued or grayed. This is important because you don’t want the tiny figures to overtake the painting.

Have fun painting people and figures and always sign your painting.

Techniques on Painting and Painting Tips

The following techniques on painting should help you to create beautiful artwork. I suggest that you practice on something other than your final painting.

A pad of canvas paper works great for practice space. Yes, you will make mistakes and paintings that you simply aren’t happy with.

The goal of this article is to give you some techniques on painting so that you can make fewer of those mistakes and that you will love all of your paintings! You’ll find as you practice just how easy it is to make images using acrylic paints and a brush.

Tips for painting trees

When painting trees and tree branches, I first use a round brush to paint in the main trunk; then I use a smaller brush to add branches and finally a script liner to add the smallest branches. Some of the branches should overlap each other. If you are adding leaves or foliage, don’t stress over the branches because many of them will be covered up anyways. Always remember that you are painting the “indication” of items in a painting. So when it comes to branches, just paint the indication of them!

To paint pine trees, use a fan brush. Start by holding the fan brush vertically to dab in the trunk of the tree. One reason that I do this is so that I have a nice vertical point to base my tree on. Then use the flat side of the fan brush to dab in branches. The branches do not need to be even or symmetrical and will actually look unreal if they are too perfect.

Other techniques on painting nature

To paint rocks, start with a solid under-painting. Purples, blues, and some burnt sienna or browns work well. Round the tops of the rocks and keep the bases flat. Now with a dirty white color, paint over some of the under-painting. Let some of the dark show through. You can add just a tiny touch of orange or yellows for highlights as well.

Painting birds requires nothing more than a small amount of paint on a small detail brush and then small, v-shaped objects. Because these birds are often added as finishing detail to the background, the birds themselves do not require much detail at all. They can be made using whatever blend of colors complements the picture you are painting

For dew or rain drops, with a color slightly lighter than the petal or leaf, paint an oval. This will be the center of the drop. With a color slightly darker than the petal or leaf, paint a half moon in the top portion of the oval and a half moon under the oval. With pure white add just a touch of highlight on the top of the oval. On the drops that are just about to drip, don’t paint the bottom oval. With pure white, pull down a couple tiny little rays of light.

When painting grass, under-paint the area where you will have the grass in a darker shade of green. Fill your brush with the green paint and use upward brush strokes. Use your No. 10 or No. 6 bristle brush. Add individual blades of grass in a lighter green shade (mix green with white or yellow to attain your desired color) and use a thinner brush or script brush to paint in blades of grass using upward strokes.

To add shadows: whenever you are painting a picture, even if there is no sun or light source represented in the painting, you need to consider what direction the light would be coming from. The surfaces of the objects in your paintings that would be hit by the light should be lighter, while the parts of the object in shadow should be darker.